The book starts off with a discussion of cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks along with examples from 2009 that illustrate the simplicity of these attacks and the significant impact they can have. What’s astonishing is how little many of the attacks have changed. Consider the following example, over a decade old, of HTML injection before terms like XSS became so ubiquitous. The exploit appeared about two years before the blanket CERT advisory that called attention to insecurity of unchecked HTML.
The discoverers, in apparent ignorance of the 1990’s labeling requirements for hacks to include foul language or numeric characters, simply dubbed it the “Hot”Mail Exploit. (They demonstrated further lack of familiarity with disclosure methodologies by omitting greetz, lacking typos and failing to remind the reader of near-omnipotent skills — surely an anomaly at the time. The hacker did not fail on all aspects. He satisfied the Axiom of Hacking Culture by choosing a name, Blue Adept, that referenced pop culture, in this case the title of a fantasy novel by Piers Anthony.)
The attack required two steps. First, they set up a page on Geocities (a hosting service for web pages distinguished by being free before free was co-opted by the Web 2.0 fad) that spoofed Hotmail’s login.
The attack wasn’t particularly sophisticated, but it didn’t need to be. The login form collected the victim’s login name and password then mailed them, along with the victim’s IP address, to the newly-created Geocities account.
The second step involved executing the actual exploit against Hotmail by sending an e-mail with HTML that contained a rather curious img tag: